Hypothyroidism: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Posted by Mama Yauk Thursday, September 15, 2011 0 comments

Nassau University Medical Center
2201 Hempstead Turnpike, East Meadow, NY 11554
www.nuhealth.net     516-572-5809
 * * * Press Release ***

Millions of people suffer from thyroid related disorders, leading to over production or underproduction of the hormones known as T3 and T4. The thyroid gland is located in the front of your neck between the Adam’s Apple and collarbone and serves as one of the most important regulators of metabolic and bodily functions. 

The general role of the thyroid gland is to regulate metabolism. The thyroid gland sets the tone for almost every other organ in the body through the production and release of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream. These hormones are known as triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Hypothyroidism is the under production of both T3 and T4.

Hypothyroidism is characterized by fatigue, weight gain and intolerance of cold temperatures. In addition, your skin can become dry and thick; your hair coarse and thin and your nails brittle. Some may also experience shortness of breath, sleep apnea and constipation due to a sluggish colon. 

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune condition called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and is most commonly found in women. Other causes are certain medications, such as cardiac  therapy amiodarone, which can injure the thyroid gland and treatment for hyperthyroidism can cause hypothyroidism. In addition, disorders of the pituitary gland may lead to less T3 and T4 production causing hypothyroidism.

The diagnosis and treatment of hypothyroidism are very straightforward. Blood tests can determine if you are lacking in T3 and T4 production, and a daily pill can supply thyroxine. 

If you suspect you are  suffering from hypothyroidism, schedule an appointment with a NuHealth care doctor. Visit www.nuhealth.net for more information.

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